Critical Analysis Essay 1

hey everybody since we aren’t going to be having the traditional setup for class this week and we’re going to be doing more conferences with your groups I wanted to make sure that I had a chance to speak with you guys verbally and in some sort of a fashion visually so that you do really understand what’s going on with the critical analysis essay so I expect that before you listen to this and watch this lecture that you would have already reviewed the critical analysis prompt if you go on to blackboard and log in there underneath assignments you’ll find the document uploaded there so at this point we have already done the objective summary and the evaluative summary so the question really becomes what is the difference between evaluation and analysis it seems as though that the evaluation and the analysis are very similar and it’s almost splitting hairs so I wanted to discuss the differences for the purpose of this class so far what we discussed with evaluation is that you’re examining broad aspects of the arguments so what are the broad things that they are doing are they providing experimental data for their evidence are they providing illogical claims are they making unfair assumptions leading to your examining their assumptions really what you’re doing is you’re discussing your reaction or the conclusion you came to after reading the author’s argument that’s a little bit different than the analysis the analysis on the other hand is you’re examining specific details within the argument so what is it specifically that the author is doing in order to make their point you’re also examining the rhetorical strategies that the author uses to employ his or her argument so you’re not necessarily looking at what the author is saying though that is important but you’re looking at how the author is communicating that and you’re also discovering and discussing which of the author’s rhetorical strategies were effective and ineffective so if we go back to the Phil Robertson duck dynasty a lot of you said that the comparison between Phil Robertson and the Pope and Josh and/or see Brandon Ambrose seeing those article was really an unfair comparison that would be an example of rhetorical strategy that you could discuss that was ineffective in making his point so that’s going to defer a little bit depending on what your views are let’s talk about how you can do this and lastly the other thing that I want to say really quickly is that I want you to recognize the trends of rhetorical strategies that are used in similar arguments so when we’re discussing for example all Republicans or all Democrats when we’re talking about political ads most of them are using the same sorts of rhetorical strategies they’re either appealing to your emotions or they’re appealing to their own credibility so something that you want to be able to do is recognize that when we’re reading all these arguments that are for example defending phil robertson are they using the same sort of rhetorical strategies are they differing a little bit so keep that in mind as you’re reading the articles for this week so the question is how do you get started and it’s important that you read your CTA book chapter 5 that’s going to kind of flesh out what I’m talking about here but when you have your article I want you to read actively by annotating and taking notes on the following issue remember that all of these issues that I’m going to be discussing are in your CTA book chapter 5 but I’m just going to discuss them a little bit in beyond my voice I guess in person so the first thing is to identify and examine the author’s thesis this can be either explicitly stated somewhere in the text kind of like we talked about with the ambrosia article it was the very last paragraph or it could be something that you have to infer that’s a little bit more difficult so you need to make sure that you’re reading very carefully when it’s in a thesis statement like that also you really have to have a firm understanding of the author’s thesis before you can analyze the text if you don’t have that your analysis could be on salty ground if you’re not really sure exactly what the author is talking about the second thing that I want you to examine is the author’s purpose we talked a little bit more about purpose and we were discussing brandon ambrose Eanes article we said that his thesis was that we were being bigots in our reaction to phil robertson his purpose then was to get us to question our behaviors so the purposes of writing can vary from author to author and article to article most of these you’ve heard before but they can be argumentative they can be narrative they can be exposure to read they can be articles that make you question or that are suggesting that you behave in one way or the other other it really is endless impossibilities so remember that when you are trying to define the author’s purpose you can use their transitions to help you identify what it is that they are doing and in your book they mention a lot of these different transitions lastly I want you to examine the author’s methods so identify and analyze the strategies and methods that are used to help the author convey his or her thesis so remember before I mentioned that the summary is watch the author sing the analysis is how they are saying it so I kind of listed some ideas for you to bounce off while you’re reading your article but let’s just go through a couple of these we discussed this one last week but does the author use quotes does the author use statistics or examples you know what are the different sub points that they’re using to convey their message does the author rest his or her argument on an assumption is this assumption valid or is it illogical does the author use rhetorical devices such as metaphors parables hyperboles allusions etc and what’s the purpose in doing that another thing that you could look at is if the author is using emotionally charged language and that would be appealing to their pathos are they appealing to logic or they appealing to his or her own credibility each of those would be good starting points for analyzing the author’s methods similarly you’re going to want to really look at the author’s persona so be aware of how the their presents him or herself how does that author described himself as friendly as conscientious as aware self-effacing those aren’t the only examples obviously but those of you places to start also how does the author position himself with other people does he discuss his opponents as gimmicky or irrational those are going to kind of give you an indicator of the author’s persona and how he presents himself and the last thing and this goes along with the persona of their hand-in-hand is examine the audience so who is this author writing to is he writing to you is he writing to Republicans is he writing to Democrats is he writing to the elderly teenagers that’s all going to be different based on their theses and their purpose and then how does that author then connect with his audience so consider their tone and word choice and if you think back to the brain and an Rosina article when we discuss tone and word choice he was kind of sarcastic and comical to reach a broader audience so after you have already read your article and you’ve already analyzed that I want you to first choose two to three strategies that you believe the author uses either effectively and effectively or both doesn’t matter to me if you use a combination because it would make your argument a little bit more complex but if you want to stick with effective or ineffective that’s fine too but choose two to three strategies that you have been able to identify within the piece then I want you to find two examples of each of these strategies that best proves your argument so for example if you’re going to be discussing tone find two examples that show an excellent portrayal of the author’s tone or find two examples that are really ineffective in discussing and connecting with the audience or you can find one that is effective and find one that is not as much and make a suggestion to the author as how they could have improved and after you’ve chosen those examples then I want you to discuss why these claims are effective or ineffective and how that then affects the author’s overall claim be very detailed and very specific so the example that I’m giving you below is not detailed her specific it’s just kind of a starting point for if you were to choose to go down this road so I wrote for example I could use two poor metaphors to prove that the author employs an unfair comparison in trying to build his argument I would then discuss why these are ineffective metaphors and how they could affect the author’s overall argument something that a lot of you guys discussed in your group last Wednesday so that’s going to be kind of your prewriting for the body of your paper now in regard to your thesis statement after you have done all of your prewriting and identified all of the rhetorical strategies that’s what I want you to write your thesis statement and remember that your thesis statement needs to encompass your overall argument so we discussed last week that it should be very specific it should address the prompt and it should probably address the reading depending on where you’re at in your paper so an example that I gave is in the duck dynasty fiasco says more about our bigotry than Phil’s Brandon and Rosie no uses a witty and sarcastic tone to successfully connect with readers however I would argue that his inclusion of irrelevant information about Twitter distracts readers from his main argument so if you look right here I have the title of the article Brandon Ambrose II know I have my first rhetorical device is witty and sarcastic tone and it’s a fact to successfully connect with readers and if you look at this sentence I have a voice marker which we discussed as well Brandon ambrosio so I know exactly whose point of view is being discussed in the next sentence I have however I would argue that his inclusion of irrelevant info about Twitter distracts readers from his main argument so once again I have a voice marker I have the rhetorical strategy which would be his inclusion of this specific example and what his effect is on overall argument throughout the paper obviously flush that out but at this point what I want you to do is reread the prompt read your article and do all of this prewriting up until the thesis statement I’m going to post something later on this week that will help you in organizing your essay if you would like to move along go right ahead and do so if not you can wait until that lecture is off later this week please email me if you have any questions about this also thank you