1. Islamic perceptions of Heaven and Hell differ from those of Christianity and Judaism by their beliefs of what they are and their beliefs of how a person gets there. In the Islamic religion, it is a process for getting to Heaven and there are certain stages that one must go through. Good deeds and bad deeds are factors in which a person goes to Heaven. Islamic people believe that it is a place for spiritual pleasure and that all their needs will be met. With Christianity and Judaism, one must believe in one God to enter Heaven and there is one Heaven that people go to. Christianity teaches that a person is redeemed a sinner to enter Heaven as well. The right to Heaven is determined by what you did in your life and how much faith you had. Here, the need for food and water and other luxuries do not exist because Heaven is a place where the physical needs don’t exist.
2.According to the New Testament in the Bible, there are four Gospels that explain the story of Jesus. Each were different but weren’t contradicting. The Nativity Scene with the manger, a barn, animals, angles, wise men, Mary and Joseph are not mentioned in this way in any of the books. There are opinions that this event was created by other writers and is considered a “wordily” depiction of the story. Therefore can be considered to have pagan origins. Pagan audiences were used to dealing with Gods. Anything from the nativity scene to the sacrifices of Gods were used in pagan’s literature.
3. In Christianity, human repentance is the most important thing. Every man is a sinner and shall admit it to God through Jesus. Jesus is the only one that can forgive with his divine mercy. The only way to Heaven is through this divine mercy or forgiveness that only Jesus can give to man. The divine human relationships that were emphasized in Gilgamesh and the Iliad were that you must do good deeds and this alone would put you in good relationships to the Gods.
In response to your third answer, I feel as if with the gods from Gilgamesh and the Iliad even if you did do good deeds the gods didn’t always recognize them, it really all depended if they happened to like you or not despite how good of a citizen you were. Where as with Jesus it is unconditional love.
The relationships between every religion are quite interesting, all imply some form of divine control either over life or death in order to instill a manner of fear/respect in subjects. Since some are far more strict than others it seems it should be no surprise that the one with the possibility of forgiveness is the most popular.
I agree with what you said in the third question and along with Victoria. With jesus it is about love and forgiveness.