DQ 5

Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all agree that there is both a paradise and a hell. They differ slightly on what paradise and hell looks like but that seems more like a perspective of the times that those paradises were written down in. These similarities even cross over to how each of the religions give access to paradise though some have different focuses. With Islam and Judaism the main focus in the books with the material provided is that every practitioner must devoted to god and the laws that have been passed down by him. While that is also a theme in Christianity, in fact Jesus’s last words as he goes up to heaven, Christianity also carries a much more highlight theme of forgiveness and mercy than what occurs in the Torah or Koran.

The four gospels were each written with a different focused audience in mind. Its easy to see this when the book of Luke 2 talks about how Jesus was found in a temple discussing theology with the temple masters. This type of exceptionalism that divine beings have is something thats a constant theme in many of the stories that occur throughout stories like the Iliad and Gilgamesh. It gives readers whose cultural background is from these types of stories something thats familiar to help them along with the more alien parts of the book. This type of familiarity is also shown in Luke 15 through the use of a story to get a message across. The use of that type medium is one that occurred in almost every single interaction between characters trying to communicate something in the Iliad and Gilgamesh. For example, Achilles uses the story of Niobe and her children to tell Priam how he must move beyond his grief and get on with his life after the death of his son Hector.

When it comes to the relationships that gods and humans have with one another with religions like those found in the Iliad it seems to be based around both exclusiveness and exceptionalism. This can easily be seen in the Iliad when the gods only interfere in the affairs of men when it comes to those who rise up above the masses through either their own actions or divine birth. The switch from that exceptionalism to a focus on repentance and mercy was a far more inclusive and accepting religion. These kind of changes allow an access for all to divinity for all rather than limiting it to a few.